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Which Hot Peppers Should I Grow?

Updated: Jul 23, 2020

Hot peppers have great antioxidant benefits they also have vitamin D, vitamin C, potassium, fibre and beta-carotene which has research linking hot peppers with reducing blood pressure and cholesterol. They can be hard to grow in Canadian climates due to how long they take to mature, they like warm soil and temperatures. we suggest starting your plants indoors if you plan to grow from seed.

But which peppers should you plant? How hot you want the pepper is dependent which peppers to plant.

Planting Peppers

Start pepper plants indoors 8 to 12 weeks before the last frost date

Harden off seedlings 7 to 10 days before last frost date

  • Soil takes about a month after the last frost to warm up enough to direct sow

  • Pepper plants can take a long time to germinate and take anywhere from 50 to 100 days until they are ready to eat

  • Prepare garden plot early in spring

  • choose a location that gets 5-7 hours daily of sun

  • Amend with aged manure and or compost and wait for the soil to warm up

Harvesting Hot Peppers

  • Pick peppers before there is the threat of frost

  • Let peppers grow to full size and colour

  • Harvest by twisting and plucking or by cutting them from the stem

  • Freshly picked peppers can last for several weeks in the fridge and will keep for a week or so at room temperature if left in direct sunlight

  • Hot peppers can be dried and ground up

  • Peppers can also be used in canning for making homemade salsa

Depending on the variety, the hotter the weather the hotter your peppers will be. When harvesting hot peppers, be sure to wear gloves as even the leaves of these plants have the potential to burn your skin or eyes

Did you know?

"The heat of a pepper is measured in Scoville heat units (SHU) and the scale goes from 0 to over 3,000,000."

Plant Hot Peppers with...

  • Best growing companions

  • Carrots

  • Eggplant

  • Inion

  • Tomato

  • Garlic

  • Radish

Do not plant with

  • Fennel

  • Kohlrabi

Peppers love the sun and the heat, so they need to be protected from the cold, wind, thunderstorms and frosty nights. Be sure to label plants if you are planting multiple varieties.

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